Glossary of Poetic Forms
The following are poetic forms that have appeared in Shot Glass Journal.
A nine-line syllabic verse of the pattern 2 / 4 / 6 / 8 / 2 / 8 / 6 / 4 / 2.
A short verse that tells a story, created by ai li, UK poet and artist. 6 line narrative poem made up of 3 separate strophes. A single line, a couplet and a tercet.
Cinquain is a short, usually unrhymed poem consisting of twenty-two syllables distributed as 2, 4, 6, 8, 2, in five lines
Couplet Rhyming Sonnet
14 lines - seven rhyming couplets with a pivot. usually iambic pentameter. aabbccddeeffgg
A cinquain with increased syllables in each of the 5 lines, 4, 8, 12, 16, 4.
A sestet with syllables that alternate between 5 and 7 per line.
A poem that is inspired by another art form, such as a painting, sculpture, photograph. The poem defines or describes the artwork.
Something which indicates the salient facts about or characteristics of the deceased. Shortened form of the elegy.
The Ghazal (pronounced "ghuzzle" was developed in Persia in the 10th century AD. It comprises of 5 or more couplets. Each couplet must be a poem in itself. Both lines of the couplet should be of the similar syllable length. Both lines of the first couple must end with the same word or refrain. The second line of all subsequent couplets must end with the same word ending the first couplet. The last couplet could contain an alias or signature of the poet. There can also be a rhyming pattern with the word that precedes the repeated word in the second line of each couplet.
Jisei is a poem written by the poet before their own death. These poems reflect the final reflections of one's life. It was generally a tradition with zen monks but were written by poets as well. These poems originated in Japanese, Chinese and Korean cultures as far back as the 7th Century, and can be written in any poetry form, but were traditionally written in tanka or haiku style.
A humorous or satirical Tanka of 5 lines with approximately 31 syllables
A cinquain with 44 syllables distributed as 2,4,6,8,2,2,8,6,4,2 in 10 lines
Naani is one of the Indian popular Telugu poems. It consists of 4 lines with the total lines consists of 20 to 25 syllables. The poem is not bounded to a particular subject. Generally it depends upon human relations and current statements.